How to make a green building?
The construction of a green building, green facade or plant wall is one of the most complex compositions in the field of gardening and landscaping. This is because we try to emulate the features of a garden in a perpendicular position – hence the term vertical garden.
There are a variety of systems available for constructing a plant facade or plant wall, such as various methods based on modular panels, geonets or even flowerpots placed on top of one another.However, these techniques do not ensure the survival of the plants selected. In a plant facade, the plants lack soil in which to take root. As a result, sheets of various materials should be used in order for the chosen plants to take root and receive the proper supply of water and nutrients.
In order to ensure that a plant wall stands the test of time, it is essential to have a deep knowledge of how the isotope works. At Paisajismo Urbano, we are specialists in the construction of plant walls or facades – and we have gone one step further by developing a patent for the construction of vertical ecosystems. This patented plant facade construction system (which applies the knowledge, research and practical experience accumulated over many years) ensures that our plant facade or wall will last: we can guarantee this in writing. In each case, we take into account the individualities of each project and carry out a personalised analysis with full guarantee of durability.
Differences between plant facade and vertical garden
The design and construction of a plant facade or plant wall can be tackled in various ways. However, not all of these will guarantee the survival of the selected species.
In general, gardening systems or supports are used that opt for various climbing plants. The problem with this technique is that such climbing plants may compromise the building’s integrity, as they naturally tend to occupy gaps and cracks already existing in the building.
To create vertical gardens, however, a structure is used in which the substrate is placed where plants are able to take root; through this they are supplied with the water and nutrients they need. Green buildings as well as plant facades or plant walls use installation and maintenance systems that are essentially a thing of the past.
Paisajismo Urbano takes one step further in plant wall/plant facade design and construction thanks to its vertical ecosystem construction system. This system, patented by Ignacio Solano, ensures that our vertical composition becomes a self-supporting garden, possessing technical features that guarantee that plants will proliferate in a setting that was not originally designed for that purpose. Our plant facade or plant wall therefore gains plenty of added value.
Green architecture: The value of a green facade
Among the numerous advantages of installing a plant facade or plant wall, the following are particularly noteworthy:
- Architectural value: plant facades and green roofs increase property value by between 15 and 20 per cent.
- Social and educational value: the plant facade or plant wall results in greater aesthetic pleasure for its neighbours, and raises awareness of ecological values among young people.
- Environmental value: the plant wall or plant facade filters noxious gasses, traps and processes heavy metals and converts carbon dioxide into oxygen. A plant facade or plant wall measuring one square metre produces the oxygen needed for one person in a year.
- Artistic and media value: plant walls and green rooftop terraces are works of art and embellish urban spaces with a unique beauty that inspires curiosity and awe.
In addition to these added values, installing a plant facade creates greater comfort for the property’s neighbours thanks to its natural ability to insulate against external noise and provide more pleasant temperatures both in winter and summer.
Investment in a green rooftop terrace or plant wall is therefore quickly recovered both on a monetary level (revaluing of property) and in terms of benefits to inhabitants and the environment.